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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 16-19

Prevalence of myopia among government and private high school children in Hyderabad: A comparative study

1 Final year Post Graduate, Community Medicine Department, Osmania Medical College, Koti, Hyderabad, India
2 Senior Resident, Community Medicine Department, Osmania Medical College, Koti, Hyderabad, India
3 Professor & HOD, Community Medicine Department, Osmania Medical College, Koti, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
V Krishna Kumari
Plot No 16, SBI Colony, Near Anantapur Milk Dairy, Engineering College Road.Anantapur
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.301949

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Background: School going years are considered as the wonder years in a person’s life. These years are also the formative year which determines one’s physical, intellectual and behavioural development. Any problem in the vision during the formative years can hamper the intellectual development, maturity and performance of a person in future life. The public health and economic impact of myopia is enormous. Due to the high magnitude of uncorrected refractive errors, myopia is considered as one of the important public health problems, especially in the urban population in India. Objective: To compare the prevalence of myopia in Government and private school children. Methods: Total 1600 high school children in the age group of 13 to 15 years were selected, 800 each from Government and Private Schools respectively. Children were screened for myopia with the help of Snellen’s chart and refractionist confirmed the findings. Data was analyzed to assess the prevalence of myopia among high school children. Results: Overall prevalence of Myopia was found to be 23.18% (n=371). Prevalence of Myopia was more among children in Private schools when compared with Government school children 25.7% (n=206) (P=0.01 ). Conclusion: Private school children spent more time for near work activity than government school children. Association between total diopteric hours spent for the activity and type of school was statistically significant

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