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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 62-64

Knowledge, attitude and practices regarding home based management of diarrhoea: A Comparative study

1 Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India
2 Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Alluri SitaRam Raju Academy of Medical Sciences, Elluru, West Godavari, India
3 Associate Professor of Community Medicine, Siddhartha Medical College, Vijayawada, India
4 Professor of Community Medicine, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
K Shridevi
Associate Professor, Department Of Community Medicine, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram ‘X’ Road, Quthbullapur Municipality, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.301962

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Four percent of all deaths and Five percent of health loss to disability are due diarrhoea and nearly 2.4 million deaths and four billion cases are due to diarrhoea worldwide. Deaths are mainly due to dehydration which can be prevented by prompt treatment with home based oral fluids. The present study has been undertaken to study and compare the knowledge, attitude and practice regarding management and prevention of diarrhoea. A Cross sectional comparative study was designed in urban slums and residential colonies of Vijayawada. One Slum & Colony were selected by simple random sampling method. One respondent from each family were included in the study. All 180 families from slum and colony to be included were selected by systemic random sampling method. 360 respondents comprising of 90 males and 270 females were studied .Knowledge about diarrhoea was significantly better among Colony population (93.33%) compared to slum dwellers (84.4%). 24.4% of slum dwellers and 57.78 % of colony population had correct knowledge regarding home based oral fluids. Health care facility is approached by 78.33 % of slum dwellers in case of diarrhoea compared to only 40.56 % of colony residents. All colony residents used protected water, practiced appropriate disposal of refuge compared to only 65.56% and 11.67% of slum dwellers respectively. Colony residents were having significantly better knowledge and preventive practices related to diarrhoea compared to slum dwellers.

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