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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 185-189

Role of Family problems as risk factor for cardiac problems

1 Professor of Community Medicine, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India
2 Assistant Professor, Kamineni Academy of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India
3 Resident, Prathima Institute of Medical Sciences, Karimangar, India

Correspondence Address:
A A Kameswar Rao
Professor of Community Medicine, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302230

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Background: Emphasis will be given usually for personal problems like smoking, unhealthy diet and physical activity as the causes for cardiac morbidity, often ignoring the underlying family problems. Objectives: 1) to study the family problems causing cardiac problems/diseases and 2) to advise the families regarding the mitigation of the preventable family problems. Methods: A descriptive study was conducted in both urban and rural communities of two health centres. Statistical techniques used were proportions and X2 test. Two resident doctors enquired 150 patients suffering from cardiac diseases/problems and collected information using a pretested questionnaire regarding the family problems: Family size, financial difficulties, dowry problems, lonely living, kith & kin problems etc. A group meeting was also conducted with an intention to educate the patients and their family members regarding the mitigation of these family problems and prevention of the cardiac problems. Results: Cardiac problems, especially, hypertensive heart disease and conduction defects were seen in patients in the age group of 40-60 years,(53%) urban (54%) middle class (56%)patients. The main family problems associated with cardiac problems were: Large family size (95%), nuclear families (78.6%) and financial problems like loans, property losses (83%) and dowry problem for unmarried daughters (31%). Conclusions: People belonging to large families with financial stress and other social problems appeared to be the victims for the cardiac problems.

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