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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 218-222

Role of dermatoglyphics in atrial septal defect in children (Congenital heart disease)


Assistant professor, department of Anatomy, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
N Pushpamala
Assistant professor, department of Anatomy, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302237

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Dermatoglyphics is the study of patterns and configurations on volar aspects of hands and feet. This helps in identifying patients suffering from medical diseases and to screen relatives of patients with chromosomal disorders. The objective of present study was to use Dermatoglyphs as a diagnostic tool to identify children suffering from Atrial septal defect (ASD) by comparing dermatoglyphs of 100 children with congenital heart disease aged between 3-12 years with that of dermatoglyphs of 100 normal children (controls – CON) of same age group. Among the parameters analyzed in the present study, ulnar loops showed increased percentage incidence (65% in ASD and 56% in CON) and whorls showed decreased percentage incidence (25% in ASD and 34% in CON) are statistically significant. Incidence of Hypothenar patterns showed statistically higher values in children with ASD (25% right hand & 14% left hand) incidence in control group is less (9% right hand & 8% left hand). Incidence of statistically significant wider atd angles is higher in children with ASD (50% in right, 61%in left) and less in control group (16% in right, 15%in left). Hence, Dermatoglyphs may be used as a diagnostic tool to identify atrial septal defect in children with a family history of congenital heart diseases.


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