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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 223-227

Dermatoglyphics – A Diagnostic Tool To Predict Ventricular Septal Defect In Children

Assistant professor, department of Anatomy, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
N Pushpamala
Assistant professor, department of Anatomy, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302238

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Current study is to evaluate the dermatoglyphs, which can be used as a diagnostic tool for an easy, economically viable and early detection of ventricular septal defect (VSD), a congenital heart disease in children with a family history. Hand prints were taken by the INK METHOD described by Cummins & Midlo (1961). The dermatoglyphs of 100 children with congenital heart diseases aged between 3 to 12 years were compared with dermatoglyphs of 100 normal children (controls – CON) of the same age group. Present study showed statistically significant increased percentage of incidence of ulnar loops in children with VSD (74%) than in controls (56%). Whorls showed significantly decreased percentage of incidence in disease group than in controls (17% - VSD, 34% - CON). Incidence of Hypothenar patterns showed statistically higher values in the disease group (34% - right hand & 23% - left hand) than in the control group (9% & 8%). Children with VSD showed statistically wider atd angles (62% - right hand & 65% - left hand) than in control group (16% & 15%). So Dermatoglyphs analysis may be used as a diagnostic tool to detect congenital heart diseases in children with a family history of congenital heart disease.

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