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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-23

A clinical study of diabetic cataract and retinopathy


1 Assistant Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, India
2 Former Superintendent, Professor & HOD, Department of Ophthalmology, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
K Vishwanath
Former Superintendent, Professor & HOD, Department of Ophthalmology, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.303058

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Background: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly rising all over the globe. India leads the world with the largest number of diabetic subjects earning the dubious distinction of being termed the “Diabetes capital of the world”. Cataract in diabetic patients is major cause of blindness. Objective: To the study the development of cataract and various grades of retinopathy in diabetic patients. Methods: 407 diabetic patients were screened for cataract and retinopathy in a hospital based study. History and demography of patients including the age of onset and duration of diabetes were obtained. Results: 407 diabetic patients were evaluated. Male and female ratio 201:206.Posterior subcapsular opacity (PSCO) observed in 65(15.97%) patients, NPDR in 100 patients (24.57%), NPDR with CSME 9 patients (2.21%), PDR 87 patients (21.37%). Patients with duration of diabetes between 5 to 15 years were 168 patients (41.27%). Patients in the age group of 50 to 60 years with 5 to 15 years duration were 79 patients (19.41%). Patients with PDR between 50 to 60 years age group were 45 (51.72%). Patients with PSCO between 51 to 60 years age group were 28 patients (43.07%) Conclusion: Patients with duration of diabetes between 5 to 15 years had retinopathy at 40-60 years age group. Diabetic cataract also observed at 40-60 years age group. Majority of the patients with complications had blood sugar levels between 100-300 mg% showing duration of diabetes is also essentially important.


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