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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 111-113

Refractive Errors in Congenital Ptosis-A Clinical Study

1 Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad, India
2 Senior Resident, Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
P V Nanda Kumar Reddy
Professor, Department of Ophthalmology, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302247

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Background: Ptosis is a common public health problem worldwide. It is the lowering of eye lid or prolapse of an organ. In all major ocular surgeries the involvement of eye lid is seen. Etiology of ptosis is multifactorial. Objective: The main objectives of the study were degree of ptosis, refraction through clinical examination and measuring with refractionometer. Methods: The study was conducted in SD Eye Hospital, Hyderabad. 60 eyes of 55 patients with congenital ptosis were studied. Complex ptosis cases were excluded from study. Results: 37 patients were in the age group of 0-19 years & 18 in 20-39 years age group were in the study group. 31 patients of them were males. In five cases both eyes were involved. 10 cases of the studied were with severe ptosis. In 18 cases astigmatism was observed. Conclusion: In the present study congenital ptosis observed more in males in first two decades of life, unilaterally with more than 80% astigmatism. Ambylopia was associated more with severe ptosis.

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