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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 80-84

Enhancing survival of Young Infants to improve Infant Mortality Rate

1 Consultant Pediatrician, Nanded Children's Hospital, Nanded, India
2 Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad, India

Correspondence Address:
Habib G Pathan
Associate Professor of Pediatrics, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302254

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Background: About 40% of the estimated 10.8 million annual child deaths worldwide occur in first two months of life. Besides mortality, infants experience at least five to six episodes of illnesses per year. Despite having the problem well defined there is no consistent evaluations and management approach to infants aged less than three months. Objective: To quantify the nature and burden of illnesses in the first months of life. Methods: This Prospective study was conducted among all consecutive subjects between 8 days to 90 days of age admitted during this period were subjects of this study. They underwent through a standardized set of enquiry, clinical examination and investigations. A precoded standardized assessment form was used for data recording. The study subjects were diagnosed and managed according to the protocol of treating unit under the supervision of the senior faculty. Results: The most common clinical signs was chest indrawing- 98 (64.9%), followed by tachycardia- 65 (44.4%). Following factors may have a higher risk of death: wasting, rapid breathing and respiratory distress, slow / irregular respiration, diarrhea, dehydration, low body temperature with or without impaired perfusion on admission and cyanosis. Conclusion: Presence of risk factors identified in this study should warrant immediate and appropriate measures.

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