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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 18-20

Study of foramina tympanicum


1 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Suraram ,Hyderabad 500055, Telangana, India
2 Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad 500055,Telangana, India
3 Professor & HOD, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad 500055,Telangana, India
4 Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Suraram, Hyderabad 500055,Telangana, India
5 Professor& HOD, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Suraram ,Hyderabad 500055, Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Usha Mukkera
Associate Professor, Department of Anatomy, Malla Reddy Medical College for Women, Suraram ,Hyderabad 500055, Telangana
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302532

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Introduction: Foramen Tympanicum or Huschke is an aperture in tympanic plate of temporal bone. It may persists after age of five years in small population .If it persists mostly it is asymptomatic but few percentage of population go in for complications like ear infections ,parotid fistula and temporo mandibular joint infection. Study of these foramina is clinically useful for ENT surgeons, general surgeons and dento maxillary facial surgery. Aim: Due to its clinical importance during ENT and Dento-Maxillary Facial surgeries study of incidence of Foramen Tympanicum is undertaken. Material & Methods: 100 skulls from Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Malla Reddy women?s Medical College, Osmania Medical College and Kakatiya Medical College, Warangal were studied. Sex of skulls determined as per the standard parameters given in Grays Anatomy text book. Distance from the lower margin of external acoustic meatus to the foramen Tympanicum was measured using a scale among the male and female skulls. Results: Out of 100 skulls, 69 were male & 31 were female skulls. Out of 69 male skulls foramen Tympanicum was found in three skulls. Among them two were unilateral and in one it is bilateral; in the female skulls no foramen Tympanicum was found.


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