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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 5  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 96

Prevalence of transfusion transmitted infections among the blood donors: a study in a tertiary care unit in Telangana

Professor of Pathology, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad, India

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Professor of Pathology, Malla Reddy Institute of Medical Sciences, Hyderabad
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302682

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Background: The provision of safe blood for transfusion to needy donors is a significant responsibility for any blood bank in a hospital setting. An awareness of the prevalence of Transfusion Transmitted Infections [TTI] is mandatory for Blood Bank Officers. Objective: This study was undertaken to study the prevalence of these transfusion transmitted infections in our geographical area among the voluntary and replacement blood donors. Methods: The data pertaining to the incidence of transfusion transmittable diseases detected during routine screening of blood taken from voluntary and replacement donors in a large tertiary multi – specialty hospital located in Hyderabad, Telangana State, over a period of three years, from January 2013 to December 2015, were collected and analyzed to assess the incidence of Transfusion Transmittable Infections [TTI] amongst the dependent population. Results: The male gender was predominant (98.4%) among the blood donors, whether voluntary or replacement. 2.26% of the total samples had transfusion transmittable diseases. HBsAg was the most common with 1.2 % samples being positive while no malarial parasites were detected in any donor blood samples in the past three years. HIV was 0.28 % and HCV 0.79 %. Conclusion: Transfusion Transmittable Infections pose a threat to patients admitted in any health care facility and if not carefully screened for will cause significant morbidity. Careful screening of all donor blood units in the blood bank of a hospital is absolutely necessary to prevent any untoward incidence of TTI in patients admitted to a health care facility.

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