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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 7-10

Menace of Vector Born Disease in a Urban Dominated District-A Study in Ranga Reddy District of Telangana state

Deputy Director, NVBDCP, Government of Telangana, India

Correspondence Address:
Rambabu Ayyadevara
Deputy Director, NVBDCP, Government of Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.303054

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Background: For effective control of vector borne diseases, it is important that transmission of vector borne diseases should be understood properly and this understanding helps in appropriate prevention and control of vector borne diseases. Understanding role of other factors like environment, climate, urbanization etc is also of paramount importance. Objective: To study the distribution of vector borne diseases in urban dominated Ranga Reddy District Methods: Data has been collected with regard to three vector born diseases, namely malaria, dengue, and Chikungunya. Data has been collected with regard to three vector born diseases, namely Malaria, Dengue and Chikungunya as to their incidence from the district authorities for the period between 2014. Data is collected from 30 PHCs, 5 under process. Data for 2016 is related exclusively to dengue and for the sake of comparison data pertaining to dengue in 2015 is also collected PHC wise. Results: PF refers to plasmodium falciparum species of malaria mostly in urban and some in rural areas where as plasmodium vivax present in urban rural area causing malaria. Data in the table with regard to malaria shows 2014, malaria positive 32 and 36 in 2015 slightly increases, and in 2016 malaria positives 37, and in 2017 decreased to 23 and in 2017 decreases by 21. Regarding blood samples in 296956 and decreased by 154270 and up to September 146543. Conclusion: A common/uniform strategy to combat the menace of seasonal and vector-borne diseases to ensure good health needs a reoriented mould. Area specific interventions suited to the geographical surroundings and socio-economic and cultural conditions of the people are to be designed for which all the stake holders are to be involved.

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