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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2019  |  Volume : 7  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 102-110

A review of 196 suicides among medical students in India from year 2009 to 2018


1 Associate Professor, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, SN Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
2 Professor & Head, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, SN Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
3 Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, SN Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India
4 PG Student, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, SN Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh, India

Correspondence Address:
Manisha Madhukar Nagargoje
Assistant Professor, Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, SN Medical College, Agra, Uttar Pradesh
India
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/2321-7006.302668

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Background: Study of medicine has always been challenging with immense pressure and high workload. This unjust pressure can sometimes transform into psychological illness and commitment of suicide. The objective of this study was to explore patterns and possible determinants of suicide among medical students in India. Methods: The present study is a record based retrospective study which included collection of data from news-articles published in various English, Hindi and regional dailies, news portal articles and publications in different streams of medical journals through web-based/electronic database search. More than 2000 such articles were reviewed from year 2009 to 2018 and data was extracted. Results: Among 196 medical students, who committed suicide over last 10 years, 42% were female, 42% belonged to the age group of 20-24 years and 68.37% were MBBS students. 31.12% of the victims were in their first year of medical education. Among 61 post-graduate students, most victims were from the department of Anaesthesia (10), General Surgery and Pediatrics (7 each). In 55% of the cases, method/mode of suicide was hanging. Academic & examination pressure was the most cited reason for commitment of suicide. Incidence density of suicide among medical students was calculated to be 6.82 per lakh students per year over the period of 2009-18; while it was 9.56 per lakh students per year in the year 2018. Conclusion: This study is first attempt to find incidence and possible reasons for suicide among medical students in India. It has comprehensively explored 196 suicides among medical students across the country over past 10 year.


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